* Use moisturizer immediately after showering or bathing. Apply moisturizer while skin is still slightly damp to help lock in the moisture. Keep a bottle of lotion nearby to apply to your hands and arms throughout the day.
* Wear weather-appropriate clothing and accessories. Wear a good pair of gloves and a scarf when going outdoors in the cold to help prevent your skin from becoming chapped and from further irritating already damaged skin.
* Use a humidifier. Dry indoor air can wreak havoc on skin, but a humidifier – whether a portable or furnace unit – adds moisture to the air to keep it from being so dry. Keep your humidifier clean to avoid developing fungi and airborne bacteria.
* Bathe in warm water, not hot. Hot water will only serve to further dry out your skin. Limit your shower or bathing time to no more than 15 minutes.
* Avoid using harsh soaps on your skin. Instead, try using a natural skin care product such as a soap that contains glycerin or use cleansing creams with added moisturizers.
* Soften your skin before using a razor. Apply a generous amount of shaving cream or gel about three minutes before shaving and let it sit on the area to be shaved to lessen the irritation on your skin. Shave the hair in the direction of hair growth.
* Blot or gently pat your skin dry after showers instead of rubbing it with a towel, which can irritate dry skin.